Section 381.026, Florida Statutes, addresses the Patient’s Bill of Rights and Responsibilities. The purpose of this section is to promote the interests and wellbeing of patients and to promote better communication between the patient and the healthcare provider. Florida law requires that your health care provider or health care facility recognize your rights while you are receiving medical care and that you respect the health care provider’s or health care facility’s right to expect certain behavior on the part of patients. You may request a copy of the full text of this law from your health care provider or healthcare facility. A summary of your rights and responsibilities as follows.


  • Be treated with courtesy and respect, with an appreciation of his or her dignity, and with the protection of privacy.
  • Receive a prompt with reasonable response to questions and requests.
  • Know who is providing medical services and who is responsible for his or her care.
  • Know what patient support services are available, Including if an interpreter is available if the patient does not speak English.
  • Know what rules apply to his or her conduct.
  • Be given by the healthcare provider information such as diagnosis, planned course of treatment, alternatives, risks, and prognosis.
  • Refuse any treatment, except as otherwise provided by law.
  • Be given full information and counseling on the availability of known financial resources for care.
  • Known whether the health care provider or facility accepts the Medicare assignment rate if the patient is covered by Medicare.
  • Receive prior to treatment, a reasonable estimate of charges for medical care.
  • Receive a copy of an understandable itemized bill and, if requested, to have the charges explained.
  • Receive medical treatment for any emergency medical condition that will deteriorate from failure to provide treatment.
  • Know if medical treatment is for purposes of experimental research and to give consent or refusal to participate in such research.
  • Express complaints regarding any violation of his or her rights.


  • Giving the health care provider accurate information about present complaints, past illnesses, hospitalizations, medications, and any other information about his/her health.
  • Reporting unexpected changes in his or her condition to the healthcare provider.
  • Reporting to the health care provider whether he or she understands a planned course of action and what is expected of him or her.
  • Following the treatment plan recommended by the provider.
  • Keeping appointments and, when unable to do so, notifying the health care provider or facility.
  • His or her actions if treatment is refused or if the patient does not follow health care providers instructions.
  • Making sure financial responsibilities are carried out.
  • Following health care facility conduct rules and regulations.